Life: The Excitement of Biology

A journal promoting the in-depth understanding of all forms of life


LEB 5(1) 2017

Santiago-Blay 2017a Editorial: The First Four Years (2013-2016) of
Life: The Excitement of Biology

Slama and Santiago-Blay 2017 Terrestrial Insects with Tracheae Breath by
Actively Regulating Ventilatory Movements: Physiological Similarities to Humans

Santiago-Blay_2017b Book Review Green Universe: A Microscopic Voyage into the Plant Cell by Stephen Blackmore 


LEB 4(4) 2016

Rodríguez-Ferrer et al. LEB 4(4) Abundance of the Common Bottlenose Dolphin,
Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821) (Mammalia: Artiodactyla:
Delphinidae) off the South and West Coasts of Puerto Rico

Nuñez-Rodríguez and Liria – Geometric Morphometrics Sexual Dimorphism in Three Forensically- Important Species of Blow Fly (Diptera: Calliphoridae)

Hribar – Where Was Grasmere, Florida, USA? 

Santiago-Blay – Book Review – Modern Poisons: A Brief Introduction to Contemporary Toxicology by Alan S. Kolok

Santiago-Blay – ORCID

Santiago-Blay – Errata

Santiago-Blay – Index Volume 4


LEB 4(3) 2016

Andrew et al.2016. Changes in United States’ Citizens’ Interest in Sustainability (2004 – 2014). LEB 4(3):138-164.

Martins et al.2016. Lecto- and Paralectotype Designations and Redescription of
Arachnocoris alboannulatus Costa Lima, 1927 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Nabidae) LEB 4(3):165-173

Santiago-Blay et al. 2016. An Illustrated, Step by Step Workflow for Digitizing Video Home Systems, Enhancing Their Visual Quality, Placing a Screen-Visible Time Stamp, and Tracking Movement Using Computer Vision Technology.  LEB 4(3):174-214.

Lambert et al. 2016. Ferns, Cycads, Ginkgo, and Gnetophytes: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Characterization of Exudates from Exotic Plant Sources. LEB 4(3):215-232.

Hoogeveen 2016. Bio-Visie Natuureducatieve Projecten or Biovision Nature Educational Projects. LEB 4(3)233-234.

Zielinski 2016. Swat Away the Breath of a Bee LEB 4(3):235-236.

Shen2016. Ginkgo, Melody of Nature: A Photographic Journey to Origin
of Ginkgo: How Male and Female Ginkgos Date. LEB 4(3):237

Jahangeer 2016. Book Review. Tipping Point for Planet Earth: How Close Are We to the Edge? by Anthony D. Barnosky and Elizabeth Anne Hadly. 2016 LEB 4(3):238-241.



LEB 4(2) 2016

Puente-Rolon et al. – Diet Comparison of Free-Ranging and Cave-Associated
Puerto Rican Boas, Chilabothrus inornatus (Reinhardt, 1843) (Reptilia: Boidae), Using Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotopes

Rios et al. – Natural History Observations in the Puerto Rican Dwarf Anole, Anolis occultus Williams and Rivero 1965 (Squamata: Dactyloidae): Nectar-Feeding, Bird Predation, and a Review of the Species’ Natural History with Implications for Its Conservation

Zimmerman and Kight – Responses of Four Arthropod Prey Species to Mechanosensory, Chemosensory and Visual Cues from an Arachnid Predator: A Comparative Approach

Santiago-Blay – Errata


LEB 4(1) 2016

Santiago-Blay – LEB4(1):1-2 Editorial: The First Three Years (2013-2015) of Life: The Excitement of Biology

Rios et al. – LEB4(1) :3-10 Natural History Notes on the Reproductive Biology of the Melodious Coqui, Eleutherodactylus wightmanae (Schmidt, 1920), the Whistling Coqui, E. cochranae (Grant, 1932), and the Mountain Coqui, E. portoricensis (Schmidt, 1927) (Anura: Eleutherodactylidae), from Puerto Rico

Sarria-Panasá et al. LEB 4(1):11-26 Levels of Trace Metals in the Clam, Polymesoda solida (Philippi, 1846) (Bivalvia: Cyrenidae), from the Strait of Lake Maracaibo and Bahía El Tablazo, Venezuela 

Lechner – LEB 4(1):27-31 – Interesting Incidents with Sphex pensylvanicus Linnaeus, 1763 (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae) Wasps and Their Prey Items in Sioux City, Iowa, USA

Mercado et al. LEB 4(1):32-71 Review of the West Indian Arachnocoris Scott, 1881 (Hemiptera: Nabidae), with Descriptions of Two New Species, and a Catalog of the Species

Baird – LEB4(1):72- 79- Turning Science into Song How It All Began

Santiago-Blay – LEB 4(1):80-85 Book Review: Silent Sparks: The Wondrous World of Fireflies by Sara Lewis



LEB 3(4) 2015

Godfrey 2016 (2015) LEB 3(4)213-230Traditional and Modern Biomaterials Science Uses of
Spider Webs (Arachnida: Araneae)

Lambert et al. LEB 3(4)231-253 Amber from Japan: a Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Study

Ríos-Franceschi et al. 2016 (2015) LEB 3(4)254-289 Spatiotemporal Changes of the Herpetofaunal Community in Mount Resaca and Luis Peña Cay, Culebra National Wildlife Refuge, Culebra, Puerto Rico

Low 2016 (2015) LEB 3(4)290 A Note on the Nomenclature of Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758)

Santiago-Blay 2016 (2015) LEB 3(4)291-296 Book Reviews: The Science Book: Big Ideas Simple Explained and The Practical Naturalist. Explore the Wonders of the Natural World

Santiago-Blay and Lugemwa 2016 (2015) LEB 3(4)297-303 Proof: The Science of Booze

Santiago-Blay 2016 (2015) LEB 3(4)304-307 Index LEB Volume 3



LEB 3(3) 2015

De Loof – LEB 3(3) 153-187 – From Darwin’s On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection… to The evolution of Life with Communication Activity as its Very Essence and Driving Force

Slama LEB 3(3) 188-204 – An Alternative Look at Insect Hormones

Santiago-Blay, reporter LEB 3(3) 205-206 – Editorial_On Insect Molting and Metamorphosis

Mockford LEB 3(3) – 207-212 – A New Species of Belaphopsocus Badonnel (Psocodea _Psocoptera_ Troctomorpha Liposcelididae Embidopsocinae) from Costa Rican Amber



LEB 3(2) 2015

LEB3(2) Rios et al. pp. 61-82 Conservation of Eleutherodactylus Puerto Rico

LEB 3(2) Lambert et al. pp. 83-117 NMR monocot exudates

LEB 3(2) Rios et al. pp. 118-136 Saurophagy

LEB 3(2) Rios et al. pp. 137-148 Eleutherodactylus wightmanae

LEB 3(2) Lechner pp. 149-152 sphecid flight records



LEB 3(1) 2015

LEB3(1)Santiago-Blay pp. 1-2 First two years of LEB

LEB3(1)Sastre et al. pp. 3-14 Ecotoxicology clams Jobos Bay, Puerto Rico

LEB3(1)Erbey et al. pp. 15-19 Genitalia of Phyllobius

LEB3(1)Mercado & Santiago-Blay pp. 20-32 Arachnocoris

LEB 3(1)Santiago-Blay et al. pp. 33-56 SENCERizing

LEB 3(1)Santiago-Blay pp. 57-59 Book Reviews


LEB 2(4) 2014

LEB 2(4) 1-30 – Lambert et al

LEB 2(4)31-67 – Foster et al

LEB 2(4)68-90 – De Loof – Life

LEB 2(4)91-92 – Greenhawk, sweet tooth Anolis

LEB 2(4)93-96 – Vega – Julia Atzeroth, first coffee producer continental USA

LEB 2(4) 97-102 Santiago-Bay – Index LEB volumes 1 (2013) and 2 (2014)