Life: The Excitement of Biology

A journal promoting the in-depth understanding of all forms of life


LEB 7(4) 2019

Resources for Integrating Immersive Experiences in an Educational Setting by Amy Kuntz LEB 7(4):165-180.

A Distribution Model for the Green Iguana, Iguana iguana (Linnaeus, 1758) (Reptilia: Iguanidae), in Puerto Rico by Carlos Andrés Rodríguez Gómez, Rafael L. Joglar, Mariano Solórzano, and William A. Gould.  LEB 7(4)181-196. 

A New Molecular Type of Amber for Burma (Myanmar) by Joseph B. Lambert, Jonna M. Karlberg, Natasha R. Muppala, Tayde A. Contreras, Yuyang Wu, and Jorge A. Santiago-Blay LEB 7(4):197-212.

Addendum. Voucher Specimens of Littorina littorea Used in Paper Authored by Ye and Published in LEB 6(3):108-121 in 2018 Are Deposited at ANSP. William Ye. LEB 7(4):213-214.

Index to volume 7 of Life: The Excitement of Biology by Jorge A. SantiagoBlay LEB 7(4):214-216.


LEB 7(3) 2019

Ecological Factors and the Distribution of Adult Odonata in Puerto Rico by Ariel Diaz, Delwin J. Rodríguez-Flores, Ana G. Rivera-Vega, Edgardo Cruz-Marcano, Iris M. Velázquez-Oliveras, and Luis A. Villanueva-Cubero. LEB 7(3):115-147.

Superparasitism on the Wasp Ammophila pictipennis Walsh (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Ammophilinae) by Strepsiptera, with a Record of Observed Instances of Stylopization of Wasps in the Genus Ammophila Kirby from the Grounds of North High School, Sioux City, Iowa, U.S.A. 2008 – 2019 by G. K. Lechner._LEB 7(3):148-158.

Book Review – An Introduction to Plant Structure and Development. Plant Anatomy for the Twenty-First Century (Second Edition). 2007 by Charles B. Beck. Cambridge University Press. New York, NY, USA. 441 pp. ISBN 978-0-521-51805-5 (Hardback) by Jorge A. Santiago-Blay._LEB 7(3):159-164.


LEB 7(2) 2019

DeLoff_and Schoofs – Calcitox-Metamorphosis in Insects: The Calcium (Ca2+)-Homeostasis System as the Integrated Primordial Receptor System for both Juvenile Hormone and Ecdysteroids

Rios, Joglar, and Thomas – Variation in Bioacoustic Characteristics in
Eleutherodactylus coqui Thomas, 1966 and Eleutherodactylus antillensis (Reinhardt and Lutken, 1863) (Anura: Eleutherodactylidae) in the Puerto Rico Bank


LEB 7(1) 2019

Santiago-Blay – Editorial: The First Six Years (2013-2018) of Life: The Excitement of Biology

Cabrera, Harmsen, and Vélez – The Effect of Shade Houses on the Insect Pests and Yield of Three Important Plant Crops in Puerto Rico: Pepper, Capsicum annuum (Solanaceae), Watermelon, Citrullus lanatus (Cucurbitaceae), and Cabbage, Brassica oleracea (Brassicaceae)

Laboy-Nieves and Santiago-Blay – UV-Induced Fluorescence of Two Puerto Rican Endemic Arthropods: The Harvestman, Yunquenus portoricanus and the Millipede, Spirobolellus richmondi

Hribar – Brighton Clark “Bugs” Cain (1897 – 1951): A Man Who Inspired Children to Love Insects

Saul – Geographical and Biological Origin of the Influenza Pandemic of 1918: Update and Correction

Santiago-Blay – Book Review – The Spark of Leaning: Energizing the College Classroom with the Science of Emotion by Sarah Rose Cavanagh


LEB 6(4) 2018

Chen – Social Behavior and Structure in Wild and Captive Groups of the African Wild Dog, Lycaon pictus (Temminck, 1820) (Carnivora: Canidae)

Santiago-Blay (Rapporteur), Do One Good Thing for Bees Today: Twenty-five Facts about North American Wild Bees

Santiago-Blay – Book Review Gathering Moss: A Natural and Cultural History of Mosses by Robin Wall Kimmerer

Santiago-Blay – Index Volume 6 (2018) of Life: The Excitement of Biology




LEB 6(3) 2018

Pearson, K. C. – Will Culling the Northwest Atlantic Gray Seal Population, Halichoerus grypus (Fabricius, 1791) (Carnivora: Phocidae) on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA Reduce the Risk of Human-White Shark Encounters? LEB6(3)

Ye, W. – Shell Selection of the Hermit Crab, Pagurus longicarpus Say (Crustacea: Decapoda: Paguroidea), in Response to Acid-Treated Shells: A Laboratory Study LEB6(3)

Santiago-Blay, J. A. Erratum. Obituary. Juan Cristián Orrego-Benavente (January 31, 1944 Santiago, Chile – December 12, 2018 San Salvador, El Salvador) – LEB6(3)


LEB 6(2) 2018

Petrulevicius – A New Malachite Damselfly (Synlestidae: Odonata) from the Eocene of Patagonia, Argentina

Saul – Homosexuality as a Necessary Outcome of Variation 6(2)

Santiago-Blay and Shaffer – Introducing Mathematics in
Non-Science Majors Biology Courses Using MathBench 6(2)

Santiago-Blay et al. – Obituary Juan Cristián Orrego-Benavente (January 31, 1944 Santiago, Chile – December 12, 2018 San Salvador, El Salvador) 6(2)

Miapeh – Jerubbaal International Inc.: Bridging the Gap Between the Needy and Humanitarians in Liberia, Africa 6(2)

Santiago-Blay – Book Review – Du Iz Tak? 6(2)


LEB 6(1) 2018

Santiago-Blay, J. A. Editorial: The First Five Years (2013-2017) of Life: The Excitement of Biology

Saul, J. M. Geographical and Biological Origin of the Influenza Pandemic of 1918. 

Fitzhugh, K. Science and Religion: Compatible or Incompatible Explanatory Realms?


LEB 5(4) 2017

Rios-Franceschi, A. and R. L. Joglar. Harmonics:_Rediscovering Eleutherodactylus Vocalizations. LEB 5(4):173-180

Erbey, M. and S. Candan. Comparative Morphology of the Endophallus (Male Internal Genitalia) in Eight Species of the Genus Lixus Fabricius, 1801 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Lixinae): A Scanning Electron Microscopy Study. LEB 5(4):181-193.

Hribar, L. J.  New Locality Records for Four Species of Lower Diptera in the Florida Keys, Florida, USA. LEB 5(4):194-195.

Santiago-Blay, J. A.  Index for Volume 5 of Life: The Excitement of Biology. LEB 5(4)196-197.


LEB 5(3) 2017

Kocak and Okutaner – Koçak and Atılay Okutaner_Some Cytogenetic Methods for the Investigation of Insect Chromosomes and Their Implications for Research in Systematic Entomology

Brisola_Marcondes_and_Carvalho Pinto_- A Practical and Inexpensive Device for the Manipulation of Mosquitoes and Other Small Insects

Friedman et al. -Late Cretaceous Amber in Texas: Chemical Characterization and Paleoenvironment 

Santiago-Blay – The Bad Food Bible. How and Why to Eat Sinfully by Aaron Carroll (MD), with a Foreword by Nina Teicholz

Howe_- Intrinsic Value